Peaceful protests are continuing across India in response to the brutal gang-rape and subsequent death of a medical student.
The 23-year-old woman died of her injuries in a Singapore hospital on Saturday after the savage December 16 attack, which took place on a bus in New Delhi.
The medical student was allegedly raped and assaulted with an iron rod before being thrown from the speeding vehicle, along with her male companion.
Six men arrested over the attack have been charged with murder.
The case has triggered a mass outpouring of grief and anger in India, with protests continuing as the victim's body was cremated at a private ceremony in Delhi.
A demonstration was also held in Sydney on Sunday, with Indians living in Australia calling for action to tackle sexual violence in their home country.
Official figures show that 228,650 of the total 256,329 violent crimes recorded last year were against women, with the number of rapes in the capital rising 17 per cent to 661 this year.
Several thousand people massed in the Jantar Mantar thoroughfare in central Delhi on Sunday.
Some expressed grief and others called for the death penalty for rapists.
She was not just one woman, she epitomises every Indian woman who has been wronged in some way or the other.
Protester Mahima Anand
"She was not just one woman, she epitomises every Indian woman who has been wronged in some way or the other," protester Mahima Anand said.
Lawyer Bela Rana, who was also among the protesters, said the outrage over the attack showed women were no longer prepared to suffer in silence.
"We are aware that this is not the first case, nor will it be the last case of gang-rape in India, but it is clear that we will not tolerate sex crimes any more," she said.
About a dozen protesters tried to break the barricades that riot police had set up around the area, while a handful also threw stones and were immediately detained.
But the demonstrations were largely peaceful, unlike previous rallies where police used batons, water cannon and teargas in clashes with protesters.
Indians have also gathered in Parramatta in Sydney's west to protest against the treatment of women in their home country.
About 150 people attended Sunday's rally, where two minutes' of silence was held.
Pallavi Singha from the Immigrant Women's Speakout Association says the justice system needs to be reformed.
She says there are 40,000 rape cases still pending in India.
"The Indian government has taken some action but it is not enough. They need to do a lot more," she told the crowd.
"Perhaps this serious and tragic and brutal crime will wake up the nation, and [make] us question ourselves about what we are doing and how we are letting woman be treated in society."
Protester Rahul Jethi says there also needs to be change from below to promote respect for women.
"When boys are getting brought up - they see the household, how their mother is treated, how their sisters are treated," he said.
"And when they watch Bollywood movies where the girls are raped or the heroes in the movies they are 'eve teasing' the girls and then the girls fall in love with them," he said.
"They believe it's a normal kind of a behaviour."
Shah Rukh Khan, the most famous actor in Bollywood, had earlier tweeted that the gang-rape victim had forced India to confront a shameful reality.
"Rape embodies sexuality as our culture and society has defined it. I am so sorry that I am a part of this society and culture," he wrote.
The victim's name is unknown but she is being called "Nirbhaya", or "fearless", by the Indian media.
Others have called her "Amanat", an Urdu word meaning "treasure".
It has emerged that she was planning to get married to her boyfriend, who was injured in the same attack, in February.
Mourners attending the private cremation ceremony described the medical student as hugely popular and talented.
"I came because I really loved this girl," close friend and neighbour Meena Rai said.
"She was the brightest of all the girls in our neighbourhood."
The woman had been airlifted on Thursday to Singapore's Mount Elizabeth Hospital, where doctors who had been treating her were unable to prevent multiple organ failure.
The particularly savage nature of the attack has brought simmering anger in India to a boiling point, and prompted the government to promise better security for women and harsher sentences for sex crimes.
India's prime minister Manmohan Singh has ordered an official inquiry into the gang-rape and new laws to protect women as well as stiffer penalties for the worst sex crimes.
And he said Delhi police would soon launch a drive to recruit more female officers as a confidence-building measure.
The government has also announced plans to post the photos, names and addresses of convicted rapists on official websites to publicly shame them.
The campaign will begin in Delhi, which has been dubbed India's "rape capital".