Thousands of people have gathered in Madrid and Barcelona as Catalonia prepares to declare independence, many dressed in white and calling for talks to defuse Spain's worst political crisis for decades.
- Catalan authorities are expected to unilaterally declare independence
- Spain's Constitutional Court suspended the region's parliament on Friday
- The EU is concerned about the standoff's economic impacts
The wealthy north-eastern region of Catalonia, with its own language and culture, has long claimed to be distinct from the rest of the country and held a referendum on leaving Spain last weekend — a vote the constitutional court had banned.
The Catalan authorities said a majority of those who voted supported a split from Spain, something Madrid said was illegal under the country's 1978 constitution.
The political stand-off has divided the country, pushed banks and companies to move their headquarters outside Catalonia and shaken market confidence in the Spanish economy, prompting calls from the European Commission for Catalan and Spanish leaders to find a political solution.
"I've come because I feel very Spanish and makes me very sad what's happened," said Rosa Borras, an unemployed secretary who had joined a noisy gathering in central Madrid.
"I wanted to be here for unity, because I also feel very Catalan. My family lives in Catalonia."
While Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont has said he is open to mediation, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy insisted the region give up the independence push, which grew in strength during a near-six year economic crisis, before he would sit down to talk.
Mr Rajoy's Government mobilised thousands of national police to stop Sunday's vote, leading to clashes with would-be voters as they tried to close polling stations in schools and remove ballot boxes.
The police violence drew widespread condemnation and forced the Government to issue an apology, although tensions continued to rise after reports that plans for a unilateral declaration of independence will be handed to the Catalan parliament on Tuesday.
'Spill over' concerns across Europe
The crisis has also caused disquiet among Spain's European Union partners and German Chancellor Angela Merkel has discussed it with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, an EU official told Reuters.
Concern is growing in EU capitals about the negative impact of the crisis on the Spanish economy, the fourth largest in the euro zone, and on possible spill overs to other economies.
European finance ministers, gathering in Brussels on Monday and Tuesday for a regular meeting, could discuss the issue, although it is not formally on the agenda, EU officials said.
The support given in public statements by EU leaders to Mr Rajoy is combined with concern expressed in private about how the Spanish Government's use of police to prevent Catalans from voting last week in an independence referendum could backfire.
Some EU states are worried that talk of Catalan independence could fuel secessionist feelings in other parts of Europe.