Examples of some of the roughly 3,000 Facebook ads bought by Russian operatives to interfere in the 2016 US presidential election have been released by the US House Intelligence Committee.
The ads, which focus on divisive social issues like immigration, gun control and gay rights, were turned over to Congress by Facebook as the company — and fellow tech giants Google and Twitter — faces questions over how their platforms were used for Russian meddling.
Many appear aimed at creating confusion and anger among users, encouraging them in some cases to attend rallies in support of or against a political cause and using real news stories as a basis for attacks against political candidates.
Several used broken English and had punctuation mistakes.
"Russia exploited real vulnerabilities that exist across online platforms and we must identify, expose, and defend ourselves against similar covert influence operations in the future," US Representative Adam Schiff said in a statement.
Here are some of the ads released:
This one targeted Bernie fans and contained several errors:
This one was shared just over 4,300 times:
This one cost 3,981 rubles (or $89):
This one was seen by 15,255 people:
This one was clicked 761 times:
This one was clicked 12,127 times:
This one targeted Trump supporters:
This one targeted people interested in conservatism, the Republican Party, and Donald Trump:
This one was seen by 301,608 people:
Nobody clicked on this ad:
This one targeted people interested in independence and patriotism:
This one targeted African Americans and excluded Hispanics:
This one cost 500 rubles (or $11):
This ad appealed to "fellow Texans" and was clicked 2,342 times:
This ad targeted people who were interested in Bill O'Reilly, Andrew Breitbart, the Bible and Jesus:
This one was seen by 188 people:
This one targeted people interested in Martin Luther King Jr, the African-American civil rights movement and Malcolm X: