Australians have voted 61.6 per cent in favour of same-sex marriage.
But it isn't the end of the story. It's now up to Federal Parliament to take the results of the survey and debate any legislation.
When will that happen?
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull wants same-sex marriage legalised by Christmas.
The process kicked off on Thursday afternoon, with one bill being presented to the Senate and another being dropped.
Both were drafted by Liberals, but they had very different ideals.
Why two bills?
WA Liberal senator Dean Smith's bill was widely supported. Many argued it struck the right balance between allowing same-sex couples to marry and protecting religious freedoms. Labor and the Greens had said they would support it.
But Victorian Liberal senator James Paterson's bill took "protections" to the next level, and was dropped at the last minute
It divided those in the Coalition. Those in favour of the Paterson bill argued it shouldn't only be religious ministers and civil celebrants who can object to taking part in same-sex weddings, but also people like bakers who may be called upon to make a cake.
Attorney-General George Brandis foreshadowed some amendments will be moved on the Smith bill. Some believe that could be a way to ease conservative concerns.
What's the timing?
Mr Turnbull said the Paterson bill had little prospect of success. Turns out he was right.
The Senate wants to have the matter dealt with by November 30.
That leaves the House of Representatives just one parliamentary sitting week to pass the bill before the end of the year.
So how will politicians vote?
This is another doozy of an issue.
Some politicians have said they'd vote based on the result of the survey nationally or in their electorates.
Others would still vote with their consciences — in other words, even if they were a No voter, the results of the survey would not change their minds.
Check out how each of the pollies intend to vote on a same-sex marriage bill.