Ngày Quốc tế Phụ nữ được kỷ niệm vào ngày 8 Tháng Ba hàng năm từ hơn 100 năm qua. Chúng tôi điểm lại những thành tựu mà phụ nữ đã đạt được qua sáu sự kiện chính trị quan trọng trong lịch sử Australia.
1902 -The right to vote
Australian women were among the first in the world to gain the right to vote. The movement started in the late nineteenth century, when women’s lobby groups sprung up around the nation.
After South Australia became the first state to allow women to vote in 1895, the Australian Federal Government extended the right to many Australian adult women in 1902. In most states, Aboriginal women as well as men were not able to vote at this time.
1943 - The first two women elected to Federal government
Although the first female State Member of Parliament was elected into office in West Australia in 1921, it was another two decades before women were elected to the Australian parliament.
Dame Enid Lyons became a member of the House of Representatives in 1945, and the Australian Labor Party’s Dorothy Tangney took a seat in the Senate, representing West Australia.
1960s - 1970s Equal pay for women
The Australian women’s liberation movement reached its peak in the 1960s and 70s, a time of great social and political change in Australia. Among the many rights that women were seeking were the right to work and equal pay.
While the right of women to receive equal pay was enforced by law during this time, the wage gap between men and women in comparable jobs still exists today, and in some industries, the gap is as wide as 15 percent.
1975 - Australia officially celebrates International Women’s Day
1975 was proclaimed as International Women’s Year by the United Nations. It was also the year when the Australian government held the first national conference on the status of women and embraced the official celebration of International Women's Day with other members of the UN.
2009 - Paid maternity leave for working women
Working mothers’ right to paid maternity leave was a hotly debated issue. Supporters argued Australia was lagging behind other developed nations in not having a paid maternity leave scheme. Critics said many small businesses could not afford paid leave for working mothers.
In 2009, the Australian government decided to provide 18-weeks paid leave to the primary carer of a newborn. The scheme was available to all parents earning up to three times the national average income. It took effect on January 1, 2011.
2010-Australia’s first female Prime Minister
On 24 June 2011, Julia Gillard became the first female Prime Minister of Australia. Many people, particularly young women, expressed their excitement about Australia having a woman as a Prime Minister. The picture of her being sworn in by the first female Governor General of Australia, Quentin Bryce, has become an iconic image in Australian women’s political history.